Abstract

Forty-two native, new and foreign breeds were analyzed for 18 traits. Principal component (PC) analysis showed that the first three PC's accounted for 82.6% of the total variation. The first PC is a Size and Weight Factor (SWF) and accounts for 50.5% of the total variation. The second PC is a Skin and Bone Factor (SBF) and accounts for 20.8% of the variation. The third PC is a Reproduction and Fat Factor (RFF) and accounts for 11.3% of the total variation. Non-lean meat carcass traits (skin, bone and fat) are associated with reproductive performance. Plotting SBF against SWF is useful in grouping of breed groups. This grouping is in agreement with that obtained by cluster analysis. Breeds from the same geographical area tend to be in the same performance group, suggesting genetic connections in the past. Cluster analysis indicated six genetic types. New breeds showed the shortest genetic distance to the foreign contributor breeds.
 

W. Zhang, W. E Remple, Z. Zhang

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume X. Breeding programs for swine, poultry, and fish., , 75–81, 1986
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