A survey was conducted to study the status of local poultry populations of the Fars province in southern Iran. The survey showed that exotic breeds were widely distributed in the vicinity of all the cities of the province. Populations of pure native poultry were almost exclusively found in remote areas which had very limited communication and transportation access to the metropolitan centers. Unless some measures of protection are introduced it is highly probable that the remaining native poultry become extinct in the near future. No pure native poultry population was found in three of 14 municipalities in the province. Chicken mortality was found to be the main problem in villages, resulting in a very low poultry density. It seems that a well designed animal health program would be the most effective way of increasing the number of native poultry and saving them from extinction. Eggs were collected from 130 villages in 16 localities of the province, and were incubated (N = 11917). Means of reproductive capacity (% chicks out of eggs incubated), fertility and hatchability were 44.5, 66.9 and 66.5% respectively. The results show that increasing the number of local poultry by purchasing and incubating eggs from the vilages and distributing the chicks among villagers, is inefficient and very costly.

A. Farid

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume XII. Biotechnology, selection experiments, parameter estimation, design of breeding systems, management of genetic resources., , 522–527, 1986
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