Genetic variation has recently been shown to be generated by transposon and retroviral insertions, retrotransposition and gene transfer between species, in addition to the well known mechanisms of base substitutions, duplications and deletions, and chromosomal rearrangements. Since it is possible to manipulate the movement of transposons and retroviruses, they may provide beneficial variation for use in plant and animal breeding.

R. Frankham

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume XIII. Plenary lectures, molecular genetics and mapping, selection, prediction and estimation., , 185–194, 1990
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