In Pakistan, six strains of one-humped camel (Camelur dromedarius) have been reported. The camel is an animal of the developing countries where 98.5% of the total global population of 17.44 million is located. The camel grows slowly, attaining puberty at a later age than other livestock species. The sexual maturity is reached probably at 3-5 years with a freshening age of 5-7 years. The gestation period, post-partum oestrus and calving interval average one year, one to one and half years and over two years, respectively. The average rate under pastoral conditions is about 50%. Camels are potentially better milkers than many Zebu cattle breeds. Camels are bred and selected primarily for baggage and riding traits rather than for meat which is just a by-product. Useful information pertaining to genetic potentials and economical importance for small and landless farmers have been discussed in the paper.
Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume XIV. Dairy cattle genetics and breeding, adaptation and conservation., , 369–372, 1990
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