Animal genetic resources are part of the biological diversity of the planet. Their genetic variation is being threatened as a result of increasing intensification of animal production. The paper argues the need for sustainable use of animal genetic resources and for an international approach to the subject. The needs at national, regional and global levels are outlined. The paper reviews the recent progress in the creation of infrastructures such as gene and data banks. The pape'r then outlines the new developments which are still needed to ensure that increasing use of animal genetic resources in the era of biotechnology is rational and planned while at the same time animal genetic variation is preserved for possible unknown future needs.

J. Hodges

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume XIV. Dairy cattle genetics and breeding, adaptation and conservation., , 466–472, 1990
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