Animal-model best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) is more accurate for estimating breeding values than are other models and evaluation procedures. Implementation of the animal model has been researched most extensively for dairy cattle breeding. However, its desirable properties have resulted in its application to many other species. Since 1983, an animal model has been used for calculating national evaluations of horses, swine, beef cattle, sheep, and goats in several countries. The use of the animal model has enabled breeding schemes to become more flexible by increasing the number of animals available for selection. However, a well-organized data recording system is required to establish genetic links among herds.

M. J Carabano, R. Alenda

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume XIII. Plenary lectures, molecular genetics and mapping, selection, prediction and estimation., , 394–399, 1990
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