Breeding programs can play an important role in promoting small ruminant production in the Andean region. Concurrent consideration of the production environment, production systems, market opportunities, producer's organization, producer participation, in addition to Government support, is decisive for establishing sound breeding programs, which are not yet well developed in the region. Native and Criollo populations have been insufficiently studied, however, population screening results suggest that potentials for exploiting specific market niches could be revealed. Open nucleus apparently fit community breeding programs well, provided that production improvement is conceived as an integrated production approach. To this end networking could be complementary.

L. Iniguez

Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume 25: Lactation; growth and efficiency; meat quality; role of exotic breeds in the tropics; design of village breeding programs; n, , 249–256, 1998
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