According to FAO (2002), world goat population increased from 677 million animals in 1995 to 720 million in 2000, and world goat milk production increased from 11.8 millions tons in 1995 to 12.3 million tons in 2000. In 2000, 95.8% of world goat population was in developing countries and 4.2% in developed countries. Developing countries produced 80.5% of world goat milk production, and developed countries 19.5%. The five countries with higher goat milk production in 2000 were India, Bangladesh, Sudan, Pakistan and France accounting for 55.4% of total world goat milk production. Southern Asian countries and the Mediterranean region of Europe are particularly important regarding milk production and goat milk products (Boyazoglu and Morand-Fehr, 2001). In the Americas, Brazil and Mexico account for about 80% of total regional production. Evolution of milk production (1995-2000) was positive for India (9.9%), Bangladesh (11.7%) and Sudan (0.5%), but negative for Pakistan (10.7%) and most European countries excepting France, with an increase of 12%. In Latin-America, Brazil registered no change and Mexico a decrease of 5.1%.
Proceedings of the World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Volume 2002. Session 1, , 1.35, 2002
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